The soil in which the grapevines are planted is integral to the flavor of the wine. The vines grow deep into the earth in search of water and minerals, absorbing all of the flavors and nuances that the soil has to offer. In some vineyards, you can taste a mineral component in the wine that reflects the type of rock present in the soil. In this blog, we will do a vineyards tour!
The Grapevines!
In order to produce high-quality wine, care must be taken to nurture and protect these precious plants. Grapevines are susceptible to disease, so they require regular monitoring and treatment. The vines also need plenty of sunlight and fresh air, so they are often rotated throughout the vineyard from one row to another. You will be amazed by this process when you will actually do some Chianti wine tasting (degustazione vino chianti) .
The Harvesting!
Harvesting grapes is a labor-intensive process. Dense clusters of grapes are covered in leaves, which serve as an insulator and keep the fruit protected from raindrops that may damage it during ripening. A machine called a “grape picker” is used to gently remove the grape clusters one by one into bins or crates for transport back to the winery.
The Ripening!
The vines produce their first grapes after three years of growth, but this initial harvest often yields less than 25% of its potential yield due to irregular weather conditions, insects, and fungus infestation. The best wines come from mature vines that have reached at least five years old before harvesting begins. For many quality wines, you will find nine harvests per decade because each vintage has different characteristics depending on climate changes over the year.
From root to wine, there is a lot that goes into making the perfect bottle of vino. By understanding the process and taking the time to appreciate all that goes into it, you can enjoy your wine even more!
Thank you for reading!